required text Samovar, L., et al. (2017). Communication Between Cultures, 9th ed religion, combined with ethnocentric tendencies, provides a vehicle by which racial and ethnic repression is carried out by dominant groups in society who use religion to justify their actions against other ethnic and racial groups” (Calloway-Thomas, et al., 2001, p. 133). This assertion from Intercultural scholars illuminates why there have been and continue to be so many wars and so much intercultural fighting regarding issues of religion, faith, spirituality, and ethical/moral beliefs and practices. Not only do institutional and governing bodies wage war against one another, but also we as individuals often practice discrimination, prejudice, and non-acceptance of other individuals whose religious/ethical beliefs differ from our own. Using chapters 3, 4, 6, 7, & 11 from our text as a guide, think about your own religious and/or ethical views, beliefs, and practices. How have they come into formation through your cultural roots and routes, through your cultural identity formation? How do they direct your actions? Shape your perceptions? Influence your interpersonal and intercultural relationships? Record as much about your own views as you can (more notes are better than less, as you can always edit things out as needed).