Selection of an article for critique: Students may select any research article for the “out of class” critique with the following limitations: a. The study critiqued should be about clinical nursing research and found in nursing refereed journals. b. The research article selected should be published 2011 or later with those published most recently preferred. If you want to critique a “seminal” work published prior to 2011, check with your professor regarding relevance. c. Articles should be from nursing. 2. Critique guidelines: a. Complete a critique of either a qualitative or quantitative research article (from nursing). b. Write a critique (up to 10 pages, [does not include the cover page or reference page]) following APA guidelines. c. You should use the spell check/grammar function on your computer also (see syllabus). If it is obvious that this has not been done, your paper may start off with a grade of 91. Quantitative Critique Guidelines 1. Title (5 points) a. Does the title clearly and concisely describe the study? b. Is the population/sample included in the title? 2. Abstract (5 points) a. Is an abstract included in the article? b. Does the abstract include a statement of the problem, purpose, and/or hypothesis? c. Does the abstract briefly summarize the design, methodology, results, and conclusions? d. Is the abstract adequate? Why or why not? 3. Confidence in the Findings (5 points) a. What are the qualifications and reputation of the investigator/s? b. What evidence is there in this report that they are qualified to conduct this study? c. Is this article published in a referred journal? 4. Theoretical Framework/Conceptual Framework (10 points) a. Is a theoretical or conceptual framework described? If not, does the absence detract from the significance of the research? b. Does the research problem flow naturally from the conceptual framework? 5. Protection of Human Rights (5 points) a. Is there evidence of an independent ethics review by a board (IRB) or a committee? b. Has the study been designed to minimize risk and maximize benefits to participants? c. Is there an indication that participants gave voluntary, informed consent? d. Is there evidence in the study that individuals can be identified? Developed: T.J. Campbell, 2018; Rev. 03/2022 Page 12 of 40 NURS 414 – Research for Nurses – Student Course Guide – 04/2022 6. The Problem (10 points) a. Was the problem statement introduced promptly? b. Is the problem significant to nursing and is the significance described? c. Has the purpose for conducting the research been explained? d. What are the research variables and how are they measured/operationalized? e. Will an answer to the problem provide insight into clinical applicability of the problem? 7. Research Questions/Hypotheses (10 points) a. Are research questions or hypotheses formally stated? If no, should they be included? b. Do the research questions and hypotheses naturally flow from the research problem and theoretical framework? c. Does each research question or hypothesis contain at least two variables? d. Are the research questions or hypotheses worded clearly and objectively? Is a prediction evident? e. If there is not a research question or hypothesis, write one for the study and explain why your hypothesis or research question fits the study. 8. Review of the Literature (10 points): a. Is the review comprehensive, logical and relevant to the problem? b. Is the relationship to the research purpose evident? c. Does it include recent research? d. Can a case be made for conducting this study based on the review? 9. Research Design (5 points): a. What design has been used for the study? b. Is the design appropriate for the research question and the purpose of the research? c. Has enough information been given to permit replication? 10. Sampling (10 points): a. Is the target population carefully described? b. Are sample selection procedures clearly defined? c. Does the sampling method fit the research design? d. Are potential sample biases described? e. Is the sample sufficiently large? f. Did the author/authors use power analysis to document that the study size was adequate or inadequate? g. How was sample size justified? h. To whom can study results be generalized? 11. Data Collection (10 points): a. Describe the instruments used for data collection. b. Has rationale been given for the selection of instruments? c. Are instruments congruent with the research question? d. Are instruments suitable for use with the study sample? e. Have procedures for testing the reliability and validity of instruments been described? Are results sufficient to indicate their use? 12. Quantitative Analysis (5 points): a. Is the link between the analysis and the findings logical and clear? b. Is the statistical result presented clearly both in the text as well as in numerical presentation? c. Are graphic displays clear and simple? 13. Conclusions and Recommendations (10 points): Developed: T.J. Campbell, 2018; Rev. 03/2022 Page 13 of 40 NURS 414 – Research for Nurses – Student Course Guide – 04/2022 a. What are the assumptions and limitations of the study? Are they listed or do you have to infer what they are? b. Are results of data analysis clearly explained in reference to research questions, hypothesis, and theoretical framework? c. What recommendations for nursing practice and future research studies have been made? Are these recommendations supported by the data? Qualitative Research Critique 1. Title: (5 points) a. Does the title clearly and concisely describe the study? b. Are the variables included in the title? c. Is the population /sample included in the title? 2. Abstract: (5 points) a. Is an abstract included in the article? b. Does the abstract include a statement of the problem and/or purpose? c. Does the abstract briefly summarize design, methodology, results, and conclusions? 3. Confidence in Findings of the Report: (10 points) a. What are the qualifications and reputation of the investigator? b. What evidence is there in this report that they are qualified to conduct this study? c. Is the article published in a referred journal? 4. Statement of the Problem: (10 points) a. Is the phenomenon of interest clearly identified? b. Has the researcher identified why the phenomenon requires a qualitative format? c. Are the philosophical underpinnings of the research described? 5. Purpose: (10 points) a. Is the purpose of conducting the research made explicit? b. Does the researcher describe the projected significance to the work of nursing? 6. Method: (15 points) a. Is the method used to collect data compatible with the qualitative research? b. Is the method adequate to address the phenomenon of interest? 7. Sampling: (15 points) a. Does the researcher describe the selection of participants? b. Are the informants who were chosen appropriate to the research study? 8. Data Collection: (10 points) a. Is the data collection focused on human experience? b. Does the researcher describe data collections strategies? (interview, observation, field notes) c. Is protection of human subjects addressed? d. Is saturation of the data described? e. Are the procedures for collecting data made explicit? 9. Data Analysis: (10 points) a. Does the researcher describe the strategies used to analyze the data? b. Has the researcher remained true to the data? c. Does the reader understand the procedures used to analyze data? Developed: T.J. Campbell, 2018; Rev. 03/2022 Page 14 of 40 NURS 414 – Research for Nurses – Student Course Guide – 04/2022 d. Are the results meaningful to individuals not involved in the research? e. Findings – Are the findings presented within context? f. Is the reader able to apprehend the essence of the experience of the report of the findings? g. Are the researcher’s conceptualizations true to the data? 11. Conclusions, Implications, and Recommendations: (10 points) a. Do the conclusions, implications, and recommendations give the reader a context in which to use the findings?